Jackpot: Fed Crackdown on Full Tilt Clears Way for Casinos

Michael L. Jenkins

Michael L. Jenkins

Hi my name is Michael L. Jenkins and I am a sport betting enthusiast. I write articles and review products and services related to Sports Betting Systems and Sports Book's. Please see my blog at Sport Betting Store http://www.landofskyrbi.org for more great information on sports betting.
Michael L. Jenkins

Casinos muscling in

Salmon is onto one thing, though. No, not Wall Street. Gambling giants like Caesars Entertainment, MGM Resorts (MGM) and Wynn Resorts (WYNN) would love nothing more than to run legal, strictly regulated online poker games.

Last Updated Sep 21, 2011 5:08 PM EDT

Amazing how boldly the feds can move to halt wild financial speculation when they’re in the mood. That should’ve prompted the company’s leaders to find another business model — one that didn’t require breaking the law — or exhaust its legal options in challenging anti-online gambling regs. As FairPlay says, “American consumers must be protected.”

That’s why the gambling industry is actively lobbying to legalize online poker in the U.S. Homeland Security under George W. As Caesars CEO Gary Loveman told the FT in August, three months after the feds first shut down Full Tilt and two of its competitors, PokerStars and Absolute Poker:

. That would be, you know, really hard. Among FairPlay’s advisors are Tom Ridge, the former chief of U.S. Bush; former FBI director Louis Freeh under Bill Clinton; and “FossilMan,” also known as poker pro Greg Raymer. Instead, the government is lowering the boom on Full Tilt Poker, alleging that the online gambling site defrauded players and operated as a global Ponzi scheme.

The Justice Department’s civil lawsuit against Full Tilt’s owners, who include well-known poker pros such as Howard Lederman and Chris Ferguson, is damning. All Rights Reserved.

As laid out in the suit, Full Tilt seems to have operated less as a pyramid scheme than the kind of racket Henry Hill of “GoodFellas” fame might have admired. If true, it makes you wonder if criminal charges might be forthcoming given that the complaint alleges bank and wire fraud, along with money laundering.


The authorities cracked down on the illegal offshore providers, but that’s left a vacuum for people like us to be able to legally offer this service.

Arranging for money received from U.S. Instead, according to the DOJ, Full Tilt got sneaky.

© 2011 CBS Interactive Inc.. gamblers to be disguised as payments to hundreds of non-existent online merchants and other non-gambling businesses

Using third-party payment processors to deceive banks about the kind of financial transactions Full Tilt was conducting

Creating phony companies, including online flower shops and pet-supply stores, to trick banks into processing gambling payments disguised as common credit card charges

Using bogus pre-paid debt and phone cards that gamblers could use to place bets, with the defendants also accused of arranging for fake consumer reviews to make the cards seem legitimate

Conspiring with payment companies to disguise electronic fund transfers, such as “e-checks,” used for betting purposes as non-gambling transactions

Who is to blame?

While acknowledging that Full Tilt looks dirty, Felix Salmon also curiously blames the government for partly precipitating the affair:

In a weird way, strict anti-gambling regulations in the US are responsible for this fiasco. The company is accused of failing to pay users more than $300 million in winnings, even as Full Tilt’s 23 owners withdrew $444 million from the firm over a number of years. Here are a few other aspects of the purported scam, which DOJ says violated a 2006 law — the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act — that made it a federal crime to accept payments for online betting:

Caesars and MGM are helping to fill that vacuum with a faux-grassroots group, FairPlay USA, that is pushing for online poker to be legalized. Instead, they became international fugitives, going to great lengths to make it possible for US gamblers to skirt regulations and use their sites.

In a not so weird way, though, anti-gambling laws aren’t responsible at all for Full Tilt’s actions — at least no more than other federal rules created to outlaw or discourage behavior that society deems undesirable (Personally, I have no particular qualms with gambling, online or off, other than it’s often used as a way to conceal even less desirable activities.) If selling cocaine online were legal and regulated, after all, government regulators would protect cokeheads.

Granted, Full Tilt’s business model got turned upside down a few years ago when the feds started shutting down payment processors that handled online gambling transactions. Talk about stacking the deck.

With three major online poker sites out of the way, casino operators will presumably step up the campaign in Washington to let them in on the action. Why? So parents may “be assured their children cannot gamble online,” the organization declares on its site. Casinos are strictly regulated; online poker sites should be as well. If one party stands to benefit from Justice’s jihad against online gambling, it’s big casinos. If poker sites were legal and regulated, we could trust the regulator — an arm of the US government — to protect gamblers’ funds

I Lost $70K Playing Fantasy Football

Michael L. Jenkins

Michael L. Jenkins

Hi my name is Michael L. Jenkins and I am a sport betting enthusiast. I write articles and review products and services related to Sports Betting Systems and Sports Book's. Please see my blog at Sport Betting Store http://www.landofskyrbi.org for more great information on sports betting.
Michael L. Jenkins

Not only does she set aside money for the next season of fantasy football, and she uses the rest to watch her favorite teams, the New York Jets and San Francisco Giants. His voice is full of excitement and happiness, even when he talks about losing thousands of dollars, because he’s still talking about football. “We are the reigning champions 3 years in a row,” Davis said of their performance in one league. Still, he loves it. He really, really loves it. The other: “Last year we came in second because Matt Forte couldn’t reach a 1-yard hashmark.” It was a huge let-down (a couple hundred dollars’ worth). Little else seems to matter. Davis is a self-described sports junkie in Los Angeles who teams up with a friend for fantasy football strategy. Such is the life of sports fans.

Alex Stein loves watching , playing football and betting on football. That last activity has emerged as his favorite over the years, and at times it has been a lucrative pastime. He says his alma mater, LSU, usually makes up for a lot of the money he loses on the Cowboys.

“I’m down maybe 70 or 80K,” he said. “I can’t bet on other players in the NFC East because I hate those guys.” Stein, 27, said he’s lost a lot of money because of his emotional investment in the Cowboys.

It may seem crazy how someone could lose so much money over fantasy matchups, but betting on football adds up. He’s not sure exactly how much, but he’s at a net loss over his years of betting. It’s boring,” Stein said. He just has one problem: The Dallas Cowboys.

Stein is definitely on the extreme side, but he’s not alone when it comes tying finances with football.. “It’s an addiction, honestly, but I don’t think it’s ruined my life.”

Stein said he doesn’t have debt, but he also doesn’t keep detailed track of his finances. Overall, Meyer has won about $10,000 playing fantasy football.

Still, her winnings allow her to live the sports-fan life she loves. She and her partner have daily conference calls and discuss roster choices for hours a day, but it makes her happy, and it has paid off. If games are west of the Rocky Mountains, Davis goes.

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They’ve been partners for about 5 years, and they’re currently in two leagues (the other league cost $500 to play, and in both leagues, they split buy-ins and winnings). They had played in leagues separately but wanted to join an expensive league a few years ago ($1,000 buy-in), so they pooled their resources.

Those rewards don’t come without work. His work in reality TV (behind and in front of the camera), as well as his work as a bail bondsman and car salesman allows him a comfortable lifestyle, to say the least, he said.

“It kills my fantasy team, because I always draft the Cowboys,” Stein said. He’s in five fantasy football leagues (for the uninitiated, that means he has five rosters made up of players around the league, whose performances earn him points against his opponent’s roster), and he also bets on the head-to-head matches.

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Sloane T. Some of Stein’s leagues require a $1,000 buy-in, and he bets on college football as well. “I can’t watch a game without putting money on it

Gambling | Buzzle.com

Michael L. Jenkins

Michael L. Jenkins

Hi my name is Michael L. Jenkins and I am a sport betting enthusiast. I write articles and review products and services related to Sports Betting Systems and Sports Book's. Please see my blog at Sport Betting Store http://www.landofskyrbi.org for more great information on sports betting.
Michael L. Jenkins

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Also known as ‘fruit machines’ and ‘poker machines’ in some parts of the world, a slot machine is a gambling device, that consists of three reels or more, which spin on the push of a button. This article includes some basic…

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Michael L. Jenkins

Michael L. Jenkins

Hi my name is Michael L. Jenkins and I am a sport betting enthusiast. I write articles and review products and services related to Sports Betting Systems and Sports Book's. Please see my blog at Sport Betting Store http://www.landofskyrbi.org for more great information on sports betting.
Michael L. Jenkins

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“In today’s world, people want everything they need at their fingertips,” said observer Jack Nombs, “that is why online casinos must now be full service, leaving none of the popular land based casino games out of their offerings.”

Online Vegas is one of the casino that runs on Vegas Technologies software. It is quick paced and people like their odds of winning better than playing the slot games.

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Sports betting in Canada. – Free Online Library

Michael L. Jenkins

Michael L. Jenkins

Hi my name is Michael L. Jenkins and I am a sport betting enthusiast. I write articles and review products and services related to Sports Betting Systems and Sports Book's. Please see my blog at Sport Betting Store http://www.landofskyrbi.org for more great information on sports betting.
Michael L. Jenkins

Sucker bet or sure thing: a critical analysis of sports lotteries. Players face a double bind, in that, the more games they wager on, the less likelihood of successfully completing the parlay and the more the payout diminishes in comparison to the true odds. New Media & Society, 9(3), 520-542.

Pro-Line-players pick anywhere from 3 to 6 games from a game list (available through lottery ticket outlets, daily newspapers or lottery corporation websites), wagering a minimum of $2 to a maximum of $100 (the maximum bet allowed by some lottery corporations is only $25). The Book on Bookmaking. Prizes are smaller in these games because there are fewer participants, but the odds of winning are better and there can be an element of skill involved. all bets are placed at the same time” [Reizner & Mendelsohn, 1983].

Two Outcome Parlay Payouts Versus the True Odds

* Alberta Gaming Research Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Rosecrance, J. Also, because of the expansive way that ties are defined; for example, a tie in football is any result decided by three points or less, either way; whereas a tie in basketball is any result decided by five points or less, either way. Except for raffles and 6/49 lotteries, Canadian sports lotteries keep the highest percentage of dollars wagered. (1998). However, if run or licensed by a government (federal or provincial), parlay or pool style sports betting was considered a lottery product and thus permissible. Par for the course: a study of gambling on the links and a commentary on physical skill-based gambling formats. In addition to providing more favorable payout percentages, bookmakers are able to provide client services that are unmatched by government run sports lotteries, such as extending credit, telephone wagering, individual game bets, future and proposition bets. Criminal Code gambling provisions dealt with definitions of a “common gaming house” and a “common betting house” and listed indictable offences for keeping a “disorderly house” (the term encompassed bawdy, gaming and betting houses); gambling in public conveyances; bookmaking; buying, selling and distributing lottery products; keeping a cock-pit; and cheating at play (Robinson, 1983). 7 correct pays 50 x wager

The Canadian approach to gambling in the first half of the 20th century was characterized as “unofficial tolerance and official condemnation” (Morton, 2003). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.

One way to comprehend the overwhelming difficulty in succeeding in Canadian sports lottery play is to compare sports lottery payout percentages with other government sanctioned betting formats and other sports gambling outlets such as betting with an illegal bookmaker, a legal sports book in Nevada or an online bookmaker. This game proved to be a dismal failure, likely because players soon realized that the odds of successfully completing a fifteen game parlay were astronomically higher than the meager payouts warranted. The sports gambler profile from the most recent study in British Columbia is that of a younger (under the age of 35) male, who is somewhat more likely than the average British Columbian to be a problem gambler (Ipsos Reid, 2008).

In 1892 the first Criminal Code of Canada codified existing criminal law, including crimes related to gambling. Given the Kahnawake First Nation’s success with hosting online gambling, several other First Nations have shown interest in setting up similar operations (Rex & Jackson, 2008).

Sport Lottery Player Demographics

Belanger, Y. Obviously the odds of winning are poor and the games usually entirely luck based. Lem Banker’s Book of Sports Betting. Like all government sanctioned lottery schemes, the winners’ share of net revenues was miserly (48%); track and horse owners received 25%; leaving 27% for Loto Quebec. (1970). Williams (Eds.). Hockey-Select required bettors to forecast the results of thirteen hockey games played during one week, by picking the winning team or tied games. (1983). AGA 10th Anniversary White Paper Series. Internet Gaming: a Look at Online Gambling in Canada. In G. Responsible Gaming Council, Toronto, ON.

* The success of Pro-Line in western Canada led other provincial and regional lottery corporations to introduce similar sports betting formats. The History of the Law of Gaming in Canada. (2007a). Again, all selections must be correct to win.

12 correct pays 500 x wager

* The broad expansion of legal gambling formats has dissolved public moral sanctions against bookmaking and made Canadians largely indifferent to the activity.

Understanding Canadian Sports Lotteries

The Internet was first used by the general public for the business of gambling in 1995, when lottery tickets were sold for the International Lottery in Liechtenstein (Williams & Wood, 2007a). Unpublished LL.M thesis, Faculty of Law, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC.

Sports Pools and Fantasy Sports Leagues

Smith, G. and (4) access to appropriate technology (e.g., computer, the Internet, cell phone, BlackBerry), as much of the league business, is conducted via these media.

Payout Percentages of Legal Gambling Formats

At present, it is unclear whether Canadian courts have the legal authority to prosecute offshore Internet sports betting operations that cater to Canadian clients. (2007). a report prepared for the Canada West Foundation, Calgary, AB.

Another approach to monitoring illegal gambling in Canada has been the formation of joint forces operations (JFOs). There are generally two types of sports pools; those licensed by provincial governments and run by charities as a fundraiser and those privately organized. (2005). To win, all selections must be correct.

Bingo 65%

British and French interests collided as a result of fur trade competition and, exacerbated by the Seven Year’s War in Europe, hostilities in Canada between English and French colonials culminated with a British victory in the 1759 Plains of Abraham battle. Despite the radical shift from federal to provincial government authority over gambling, there was no public consultation on the matter; indeed, the lotteries bill was expedited through parliament (Osborne, 1989; Goldlist & Clements, 2008). Falling by the wayside in this process, were “historic gaming practices” which the federal government considered to be “illegal and immoral” (Belanger, 2006, 38). And, in 1920 the suspension of racetrack betting was lifted and the sport reemerged using a pari-mutuel wagering system (Campbell, Hartnagel & Smith, 2005).

Currently, the Atlantic and British Columbia Lottery Corporations sell lottery products (including Sport Select) online to residents of their provinces. an example of a charity sponsored sports pool is a “Grey Cup” (the Canadian Football League championship game featuring the top teams from the east and west) raffle. Most First Nation games as well as any form of wagering by indigenous peoples were outlawed.

Table 5

American Gaming Association. & Scott, M. Although betting on sports with a bookmaker was illegal, it was a commonplace activity among young males in the larger urban centres (Morton, 2003).

Sports betting was almost exclusively a male preserve because (1) males had easy access to the public spaces where illegal gambling took place (e.g. Internet Gambling: a Comprehensive Review and Synthesis of the Literature. Typical parlay bet payouts in Nevada are 6 to 1 on three games, 11 to 1 on four games, 20 to 1 on five games and 500 to 1 on ten games (Manteris, 1991).

The profit margin extracted by Canadian sports lotteries is extreme in comparison to that earned by legal and illegal bookmakers. It is important to note that the 43% hold percentage is based on sports lottery play over an entire year and does not mean that consumers face these onerous odds on every bet.

Internet Sports Betting

Fantasy sports leagues are a new gambling format, but growing at a rapid rate (Bernhard & Eade, 2005). The three possible outcomes substantially decreases the amount of skill that can be applied to forecasting game results, thus relegating the selection exercise close to the realm of pure luck.

Webb, A. (2006). (1968). Ultimately, competition from the growth of International state lotteries caused the demise of the Irish Sweepstakes in the late 1980s.

Confederation to Modern Times-Confederation occurred in 1867, however British gambling law still applied with several new twists, including:(1) lotteries being forbidden because they had fallen into disfavor in England, (2) the concept of amnesty for informers was introduced; to wit, “found ins” at an illegal gaming house could escape a criminal charge by testifying against the house keeper, and (3) the term “wager” was replaced by the word “bet” and the term “betting house” was introduced (Robinson, 1983).

The Indian Act of 1876 placed First Nations under federal government control for the purpose of their assimilation into the mainstream culture. The American Review of Canadian Studies, 38(2), 222-234.

Factors Affecting Prize Amounts and the Ability to Predict Game Outcomes

Canadian law dictates that only provincial governments and licensed charities can run gambling operations. Moreover, any gambling format offered on the Internet would have to be legal in Canada, thus eliminating single event sports betting-a popular form of online gambling that is illegal in Canada (Lipton, 2002).

Rombola, F. Prizes are awarded for all correct picks or for picking winners in 9 of 10, 10 of 11, 10 of 12 or 11 of 12 games. The purpose of the pilot project was to determine the viability of the sports lottery scheme; that is, its appeal to sports fans, the comprehensibility of the format, and to what extent, if any, there was public opposition. The game, which offered one chance in 1,190 of winning $500, lacked public support and was quickly abandoned by Loto-Quebec.

4 correct pays 8 x wager

* Within the scaled-down vice/morality units, public pressure has dictated that prostitution and child pornography, rather than illegal gambling, be the main investigative targets.

2 correct pays 2 x wager

Ipsos Reid Public Affairs, & Gemini Research. The Legalization of Gambling in Canada. a win ratio in the 58% to 60% range is considered excellent; nevertheless, despite the more rewarding Nevada odds, the point spreads and betting lines are so precise, that even under these circumstances, only a small percentage of those who try, can earn a livelihood through sports betting (Banker & Klein, 1986).

Fiscal 2002=$37,422 (millions) 57%

Fiscal 2003=$41,831 57%

Fiscal 2004=$42,189 # 56%

Fiscal 2005=$32,216 ## 53%

5 correct pays 15 x wager

Bookmaking flourishes in the present era of liberalized legal gambling because of a growing public tolerance for minor vices or so-called victim-less crimes and the fact illegal sports betting offers odds advantages vis-a-vis legal sports lotteries, superior service and convenience, and more attractive wagering propositions. The game was offered in a few strategic locations (major malls in urban centres) and contestants played for free, but could win lottery corporation merchandise such as sports bags, hats and T-shirts. (2003). Listed in Table 5 in descending order are the approximate payout percentages of popular Canadian legal gambling formats (the word approximate is used because payout percentages may vary somewhat by region).

Gross Sales % returned as prizes

Copyright 2009 Gale, Cengage Learning. Sovereignty over Canada was claimed by England in 1553 despite the existence of “New France” communities. 23.

The primary attractions of fantasy sports leagues as outlined by Bernhard and Eade (2005) include:

6 correct pays 30 x wager

* In 1971 Manitoba instituted a short-lived sports pool based on the results of NHL games.

Sports Lottery Sales and Payout Figures (province of Alberta)

10 correct pays 200 x wager

Bernhard, B. (1985). This was a new game to the extent that, in theory, player knowledge could improve one’s chances for success. & Williams, R. (1983). Report prepared for the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre, Guelph, ON:

* In the fall of 1982 Loto-Quebec launched Hockey-Select, the first game based on predicting the outcome of sporting events. Gambling and Crime in Western Canada: Exploring Myth and Reality. Described below are the basic rules for three of the more popular Canadian sports lottery formats:

2 2 to 1 4 to 1

3 4 to 1 8 to 1

4 8 to 1 16 to 1

5 15 to 1 32 to 1

6 30 to 1 64 to 1

7 50 to 1 128 to 1

8 90 to 1 256 to 1

9 150 to 1 512 to 1

10 200 to 1 1,024 to 1

Campbell, C. & Williams, R. Gambling in a fantasy world: an exploratory study of rotisserie baseball. In theory, this proposed change would be welcomed by avid sports bettors because it should result in more appealing betting opportunities and better payouts on winning bets. For example, the odds of winning a two game parlay (in a 50/50 betting proposition) are one in four (1/2 x 1/2), yet the official payout is only twice the wager; in effect, an exorbitant fee is charged the consumer to play the game. Initially, Sport Select offered consumers a choice of two games: Excel and Pro-Line. The only changes pertaining to sports betting involved horse racing and occurred in the early 1900s; for example, in 1909-10 a Special Committee of the House of Commons was established to inquire into the feasibility of legalizing horse race betting. Participants in an NHL play-off draft select players from amongst the 16 play-off teams (usually 10 to 12 players) and the outcome is based on the NHL players scoring statistics. Gambling With the Future: The Evolution of Aboriginal Gaming in Canada. This is a surprising finding given that Internet sports gambling sites offer much better odds and services (e.g., single event sports betting, proposition bets and higher maximum bets) than the legal Sport Select game discussed earlier, and is legal, whereas betting with a local bookmaker is not. Proponents of the idea, estimate that $700 million was wagered online by Canadians last year and that $100 million alone was bet on the Super Bowl in North America (Pearson, 2008).

Other popular legal sports betting formats in Canada are sports pools and fantasy sports leagues. Since then, online gambling has become a major International industry featuring over 2,500 Internet websites and generating an estimated $12 billion in revenue in 2005 (Wood & Williams, 2007a). This mind set facilitated the practice of sports betting through bookmakers. The Clean Sweep: The Story of the Irish Hospitals Sweepstake. http://www.gaminglawmasters.com/jurisdictions/canada/inet_canada.html

by Garry J. Waltham, MA: Romford Press.

Colonial Period (1497-1867)–Canada was discovered in 1497 by Giovanni Caboto, an Italian sailing under the British flag; however, shortly thereafter, a French colonizing expedition lead by Jacques Cartier established settlements in Canada. Prizes were allotted based on the horses’ order of finish. The skill involved is in choosing players that will accumulate points and in picking players from teams that advance to the final round.

Ironically, parlay betting in Nevada is considered a “sucker play” for two reasons (Rombola, 1984; Manteris, 1991): (1) the poor payout percentages offered compared with individual game bets and (2) the fact that players can win a majority of their picks and still lose; for example, a player who selects four teams correctly in a five game parlay has an 80% win ratio but still loses the bet. In 1910 on-track betting at incorporated race tracks was permitted. Both Canada’s Attorney General (Rex & Jackson, (2008) and Quebec’s Minister of Public Security (Lipton, 2002) have called the Kahnawake operation illegal, yet no legal action has been taken. (1990). Early gambling legislation centered on the prohibition of dice games, unlawful gaming houses and restricted participation in gambling by certain classes of people (e.g., artificers and servants) (Robinson, 1983).


The main opposition to sports betting in this era came from antigambling moralists; the wives of players who lost their pay cheques and thus could not support their families; employers who saw sports gambling as a distraction that lowered job productivity; and, for brief periods, the general public, whenever a scandal broke that involved bookmakers bribing police, politicians or public officials (Morton, 2003).

Gambling expansion–in 1969 an omnibus bill passed in parliament that that amended several sections of the Criminal Code; including legalizing lottery schemes and permitting charity sponsored gambling under provincial license (Campbell & Smith, 1998). The odds for each outcome are posted on the game list and the expected prize amount for a winning bet is shown on the purchased ticket. Hodgins & R. Windsor Star, July 3, http//www.canada.com/windsorstar/story.html

Table 3 indicates payout ratios for Point Spread bets according to the number of games played for baseball or hockey wagers and applies to Over/Under bets on two up to ten games:

Morton, S. 2004

Lipton, M. pool halls, taverns, barber shops); (2) their interest in sports or race horses, ostensibly gave them a degree of expertise in picking winners (Morton, 2003); and (3) sports betting was seen as a test of character; that is, a sphere of activity where valued masculine traits such as decision making, boldness and ‘coolness’ could be displayed (Lyman & Scott, 1970; Smith & Paley, 2001).

Canadian Gambling Digest. Picking winners against the odds or a point spread is difficult enough by itself, let alone considering the possibility of ties. (2006). at first, only NHL games were listed; however, Canadian and American pro football soon followed and major league baseball became part of the package in April, 1991.

Point Spread-is a two outcome game (either a visiting or home team win against a posted point spread) whereby players can select between two and 12 games. This game was dropped after several years because it achieved less than half the projected gross revenues of $1 million per week (Labrosse, 1985).

(1) a parlay is defined as “a bet on two or more teams whereby any money wagered and won on the first bet is placed on the second bet and, if there are more than two bets, that process is repeated on all bets. Comartin lobbies to legalize Las Vegas-style sports gambling. Over the years new games emerged such as Over/Under, Point Spread and Double Play and sports such as basketball, soccer, tennis, auto racing and golf were added to the betting menu.

## NHL lockout in 2004/2005 decreased betting volume

* Loto-Quebec introduced hockey pools in 1981-82, despite protests from the National Hockey League claiming unauthorized use of the league’s copyrighted logo, schedule and team names. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

The potential downsides to fantasy sports league participation include: (1) a major commitment of time and money (seasons last for six or more months and devoted players spend hours poring over box scores, watching games on TV and contemplating trade possibilities; activities that can detract from family life and work productivity).(2) While fantasy sports leaguers rarely become problem gamblers, many become jaded about professional sports; for example showing disdain for underperforming players and (in their minds) biased referees and not caring about the final result of a game, only the numbers generated by their players.

10/12 correct pays 5 x wager


Privately organized pools are legal providing the entire entry fee funds are paid back to winning bettors and no money is charged for a handling or administration fee. The sports most likely to attract fantasy league wagering are major league baseball, the National Football League (NFL), the National Basketball Association (NBA) and to a lesser extent the National Hockey League (NHL). Moreover, unlike Canadian sports lotteries, Nevada sportsbooks do not impose arbitrary loss limits to protect their profits.

Reizner, S. Gambling Without Guilt: The Legitimization of an American Pastime. Similarly, when a tie game is part of a parlay bet, the tie game is removed from the parlay without penalty and the success or failure of the bet rests on the outcome of the remaining games (Lang, 1992, 21).

Smith, G. Most of the early Internet gambling sites were located offshore in Caribbean and Central American countries and not affiliated with established land-based gambling companies.

The following observations can be made about these early gambling provisions: (1) Canadian gambling laws relied heavily on English statutes, some dating back as far as 1541 (Robinson, 1983); (2) gambling was clearly seen as a moral issue; and (3) despite official sanctions against gambling, the activity thrived.

Canadian Sports Lottery Payout Ratios for Two Outcome Parlay Games (Point Spread & Over/Under)

* % of population that has ever played (7%)

In Nevada sports books a tie game is an actual tie game (not several points either way) and considered a “wash” or a “push,” that is, players get their money back. Sports betting accounted for more than half of Internet gambling profits in 2001 (American Gaming Association, 2006). Sociology of Sport Journal, 7(3), 271-286.

Patrick, T. (1988). (2008). Research and Measurement Issues in Gambling Studies. Payout percentage is the ratio of the amount paid out in prizes compared with the total amount wagered. It stipulated that for abandoning its lottery operations, the federal government would receive $100 million over three years to help fund the 1988 Calgary Winter Olympics and an annual disbursement of $24 million (adjusted annually for inflation) from the provinces based on a proportion of lottery sales. (2008). Annals of the American Academy of Political & Social Science, 556, 22-35.

* The Canadian Sports Pool Corporation, created by the federal government in the fall of 1983, began offering a game called Sport Select Baseball in May, 1984. Pro-Line was a more popular sports betting format as players could wager anywhere from $2 to $100 on the results of at least 3, and up to 6, professional sports events (Smith, 1992). Privatizing the Gaming Industry-is it in the Cards? Paper presented at the 2008 Canadian Gaming Summit-Legal and Regulatory Program, Montreal, PQ.

Raffles 43%

Sports lotteries 57%

Table 4

Mantaris, A. & Mendelsohn, M. These changes led to the establishment of lotteries in every province and territory and a separate federal government lottery whose proceeds helped underwrite the 1976 Montreal Olympics. & Wood, R. Smith *

Up until the early 2000s the prevalence of Internet gambling in the general population was well below 2%; however the most recent Canada-wide estimate is 2.3% (Wood, Williams & Lawton, 2007). The Criminal Law Quarterly, 44(1), 108-126.

After 1892, Canadian gambling legislation remained relatively constant for 75 years. Started in 1930 and run three times annually, the Irish Sweepstakes was in effect, a lottery featuring two draws; round one involved a selection of the fortunate few who moved on to round two whereby the remaining ticket numbers were matched with a horse running in the Irish Sweeps Derby. And, because horseracing is under federal jurisdiction, Canadian racetracks are allowed to accept bets placed online. Following is a time-line of government sanctioned sports lotteries:

The Role of Skill and Luck in Canadian Sports Lottery Play

Table 1

A second watershed Criminal Code amendment in 1985 formalized an agreement between the federal and provincial governments. All rights reserved.

Illegal Sports Gambling

Pull tickets 74%

In analyzing the variables that affect winning or losing in playing Canadian sports lotteries, some background information is provided on how the games are played. And, so far, there is no indication that the law is interested in penalizing Canadian sports bettors who utilize online services.

* In a time of fiscal cutbacks, law enforcement agencies have placed a lower priority on what are perceived to be minor crimes and this policy has caused a reduction in resources for the vice or morality details that deal with illegal gambling.

8 correct pays 90 x wager

A common rationale for a government to legalize a new gambling format is that “it will reduce illegal gambling and will divert illegal gambling revenues into the public purse” (Smith & Wynne, 1999, 17). & Klein, F. In the first instance, because many tickets or pool sheets are sold, prizes are large, even though the charity takes a hefty bite (usually at least 50%) of the proceeds. (1999). Super Bookie: Inside Las Vegas Sports Gambling. Lagging sales of the Excel game caused Western Canada Lottery Corporation officials to terminate the game in March of 1991. Hockey-Select was removed from the market in the spring of 1983 after sales dropped to less than $20,000 per week.

Over/Under-is also a two outcome format (players choose whether the total score of both teams in an individual game will be over or under a posted number) and players choose from two up to 10 games. (These figures are from one province, Alberta; however, it can reasonably be surmised that sports lottery data from the other provinces is not significantly different).

Based on the previously outlined rules, the contents of Table 4 demonstrate why the odds against winning these games are so formidable and why sports knowledge is not enough to regularly overcome these unfair odds. & Smith, G. Excel required players to pick the winners of fifteen NHL games; for making the correct choices winners received $1,000 on a $2 bet. Chicago, IL: Henry Regnery Company.

COPYRIGHT 2009 ASSER International Sports Law Centre

No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.


Sports betting pre-dated the arrival of Europeans in Canada as First Nation peoples wagered on the outcome of toboggan, snowshoe, and canoe races as well as archery, spear throwing and running events. (2005). (2005) Member of the Ontario Joint Forces Illegal Gambling Unit, personal interview, Feb. Because the population of early Canada was so sparse and scattered, legislation in general, let alone specific gambling laws was a low priority.

Currently, Canadian sports lotteries make up a small portion of provincial government lottery proceeds (for example, in Alberta, sports lottery play accounts for only 8% of all lottery revenues). Despite well trained staff and excellent resources (government paid salaries, vehicles, office space, etc.), JFOs are hard pressed to make a dent in bookmaking operations because of the sheer volume of activity; the bookmakers use of the latest communications technology; and the lack of strong deterrents (rarely is jail time given for illegal gambling offenses). Las Vegas, NV: GBC Press.

In addition to offering one-sided odds, lottery corporations impose payout limitations when the aggregate amount of prizes won on any day exceeds $2 million on Pro-Line or $1 million on Over/Under. The market penetration of sports lotteries is limited to the extent that between 2.4% and 6% of the adult population (depending on the province) played a Canadian sports lottery in the previous year and the games attract mainly 18 to 44 year old males (Canadian Gambling Digest, 2003-2004). (1984). Smith, D. Tickets are sold for $2 on the outcome of the game; each ticket lists a score (e.g. at Odds: Gambling & Canadians 1919-1969. Notwithstanding the Criminal Code gambling provisions, the Kahnawake First Nation near Montreal, claiming jurisdiction as a “sovereign nation,” has been leasing server space to Internet gambling operations since 1999 and making a profit of $2 million annually. an Analysis of Internet Gambling and Its Policy Implications. Reasons for this incongruity may include sports bettors (1) not trusting Internet gambling providers; (2) not knowing about the better odds and services offered by online sites; (3) not knowing or caring about Sport Select’s inferior odds and services or (4) preferring to play Sport Select because it is legal and offered by the provincial government.

Smith, G. Despite the obvious drawbacks of parlay betting in general, the parlay payout percentages in Nevada are significantly better than those offered by Canadian sports lotteries. Governments face a dilemma in terms of responding to bookmaking; essentially they have three options (prohibit and strictly enforce, prohibit and loosely enforce or legalize); each creates its own set of social and public policy consequences (Smith, 1990).

3 correct pays 4 x wager

Despite the seemingly innocuous nature of illegal sports betting, police warn about the adverse side effects of the activity such as organized crime involvement (most Canadian bookmakers are “small time guys with only a few clientele; however, if they get too big they will get a call saying you are now working for organized crime-for a slice of the profits the organized crime group will offer protection”) (Harvey, 2005); loan sharking problems can occur when a sports gambler who has been extended credit is unable to pay off the debt; getting money to pay the loan shark may lead to committing crimes such as shoplifting and selling stolen property, and failure to pay the debt promptly can lead to assault and home invasion.

* The chance to win money-some leagues have hefty entrance fees and hence offer sizable pots to the winner.

Williams, R. Patrick (2000) contended that the 1985 amendment allowed the provinces to purchase their gambling monopolies for a $100 million payment to the federal government.

9 correct pays 150 x wager

11 correct pays 400 x wager

# Double Play game introduced in Feb. Many of the formats higher on the payout percentage ladder (for example, bingo, electronic machine gambling and some casino games) are pure luck games, while sports betting supposedly allows for an element of skill (it is certainly marketed as though this was the case); however, with lottery corporations retaining 43% of the sports wagering dollar, no amount of skill can routinely neutralize the government’s advantage. Plagued by competition from provincial lotteries, objections from the major leagues of baseball and public indifference, the scheme lasted 19 weeks. Table 4 contains standard lottery corporation payouts on various parlay bets in comparison with the true odds of winning the parlay.

649 type lotteries 45%

History of Legal Canadian Sports Lottery Schemes

* In the winter of 1990 the Western Canada Lottery Corporation conducted a ten week pilot project with a game called Power Play which consisted of four separate contests based on the outcomes and scoring statistics of National Hockey League games (Smith, 1992). Most leagues allow for injured players to be replaced and permit player trades.

# of games bet Lottery payout True odds

* In 1972 the Quebec quarte was launched; to win, the bettor had to choose race horses correctly either in order of finish (higher odds) or in any order (lower odds). This has not been the case with the introduction of legal sports gambling in Canada, in fact, the opposite has occurred; bookmaking has proliferated and continues to be associated with organized crime activity that provides working capital that allows diversification into other criminal enterprises as well as legitimate businesses (Rosecrance, 1988).

* Intellectual challenge-by knowing which of the many variables to attend to and which to discard, players can display their analytical prowess.

Pearson, C. Of those who reported gambling on the Internet, only 6.2% said that sports betting was their preferred game (Wood & Williams, 2007b). For example, Nevada’s legal sportsbooks make do on a profit margin of about 5%, while the commission for illegal bookmakers and Internet sports betting operations typically ranges between 5% and 10%. International Gambling Studies, 1(1), 103-134.

Casino games (not including slot machines) 78% **

Despite these significant amendments to the Criminal Code gambling provisions, the law against bookmaking remained intact. (1992). Harvey (2005) noted that bookmaking brings in mega dollars and estimated that “there are over 1,000 bookmakers operating in Toronto alone.” Because of these factors, bookmaking in Canada is a low risk criminal activity.

Ostensibly, the availability of single event sports betting would bolster casino attendance by drawing more American players (single event sports betting is illegal in every American state except Nevada) and Canadian players who have become disillusioned with the Sport Select game. Loto-Quebec, Stanke. Sports Betting with Sonny Reizner. In 1938 an estimated “one-third of Toron–tonians bought Irish Sweepstakes tickets, priced between $2.50 and $3.00 each” (Morton, 2003, 54). Harsh measures such as residential schools and the reserve system were designed to break down First Nation traditions. (1991). & Smith, G. a report prepared for the Law Commission of Canada, Ottawa, ON.

Table 2

The history of Canadian gambling legislation can be separated into three relatively distinct eras: the colonial period (1497-1867), Confederation to modern times (1867-1969) and gambling expansion (1970-present).

* Age of players (18-24=18%), (25-34=27%), (35-44=23%), (45-54=17%), (55-64=5%), (65+=2%)

Smith, G. Illegal sports betting flourished because it was seen as a traditional part of male sporting culture and the police and judiciary generally treated bookmaking as a petty vice that warranted only a minor penalty.

Banker, L. (2007b). Las Vegas, NV: GBC Press.. Provincial governments can operate computer-based lottery schemes (this includes Internet gambling) but cannot license others to do so and cannot take bets from out of province residents unless the other province permits it. (2002). Betting on a sports event by itself was not a crime as long as a betting transaction fee was not charged; the activity was however, illegal, if done through a bookmaker.

The tie possibility in Pro-Line provides lottery corporations with a powerful edge over the player, because the odds against successfully completing the parlay increase dramatically. http://www.american gaming.org/assets/files/studies/wpaper_internet_0531.pdf

* And, bookmaking investigations are prohibitive because of the unfavorable cost/benefit ratio; that is, the considerable time and manpower required to secure a gambling conviction is unwarranted when the judicial system penalties are so lenient.

11/12 correct pays 20 x wager

Future Prospects for Canadian Sports Betting

There is no way of accurately knowing how many Canadians partake in these activities; however, provincial studies of citizens’ gambling patterns and behaviors typically show that about 10% of the population report having bet on sports events in the previous year and 2% claim they do it on a weekly basis (Ipsos Reid, 2008). This was a pure luck game because neither the horses in the field nor the numbers they wore in the race were known to bettors in advance; in a ten horse field there are 5,040 possible permutations. Not only were these contests forms of entertainment for the spectator/bettors, they were a way to sharpen essential survival skills (Belanger, 2006).

What Exists Now

The problem with this proposal is that the Criminal Code of Canada would need amending and all provinces would have to agree with the change. The 1985 amendment created provincial monopolies over gambling and led to widespread profusion of the activity (Brodeur & Oullet, 2004). Local distributors sold the contraband tickets smuggled in from Ireland for a commission of two free tickets for every twelve sold (Webb, 1968). Based on the most recent Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission data, the following two tables show player demographics and sports lottery sales trends over the last four years. & Wynne, H. & Eade, V. Most participants play because of the low cost and to support the charity, not because they are avid sports fans.

Harvey, B. & Paley, R. & Clements, R. (2008). (2008). This would be a tall order given that Canada is already near the gambling saturation point in the minds of many citizens; while perhaps feasible in Ontario border communities, the idea is unlikely to have the same traction in the rest of the country; and there could be objections from Canadian professional sports teams who would want compensation for the use of their logos and schedules.

Goldlist G. By the end of the 1970s, intense competition for lottery dollars spurred provincial lottery corporations to join forces in an effort to remove the federal government from the business.

Ontario gambling advocates (mainly border casino interests and politicians from those regions) are lobbying for single event sports betting. Internet gambling: Past, present, and future. However, since only 45% of the wagering pool was paid out in first, second and third prizes to players who had correctly chosen the results of 11 to 13 games, the effect of player skill was negligible. In other words, if the aggregate win exceeds these amounts, winners receive a lower than expected pro-rated payout. Canadian gambling trends and public policy issues. The options for internet gambling in Canada. a contentious and unresolved issue pertains to certain Canadian First Nation bands serving as hosting sites for all forms of online gambling. If any bet loses, the player gets no return. These questions were apparently answered satisfactorily as a revised version of Power Play, named Sport Select, was introduced in October, 1990. Montreal, PQ.

As depicted in Table 5, all legal gambling formats are weighted against players “beating the house,” some, more so than others. New York: E.P.Dutton.

The only legal forms of sports betting in Canada up until the early 1970s were horse racing, friendly wagers on the outcome of popular athletic events such as boxing matches, hockey or football games or on ones self in games of physical skill such as pool, golf, bowling and darts. The difficulty will be in getting provincial governments to provide a betting format that offers fair odds and consumer friendly services (Smith, 1990).

Table 3

Robinson, R. (2004). Sociology of the Absurd. Although barred in Canada, Irish Sweepstakes tickets were bought by both males and females and members of all social strata. The prize amount is determined by three factors; the amount bet, the number of games selected and the sport wagered on (the outcomes of hockey and baseball games are seen as easier to predict than either basketball or football games, hence the payout is slightly higher for the latter two sports.

Facing Nevada sportsbook odds a player needs to win 52.38% of the time to break even against the standard 11 to 10 odds on individual game bets. Sport Select Baseball produced only one winner and ran a $45 million deficit (Labrosse, 1985).

Many Canadian law enforcement agencies have adopted a policy of benign prohibition toward bookmaking because:

Pro-Line is more complicated to assess because of the three possible game results; game outcomes are weighted according to what lottery corporation odds makers think is their probability of occurrence. In 1917 an Order-in-Council suspended horse race betting on the grounds that it was incommensurate with the war effort. For example, a successful $10 bet on three games with odds of 2.50, 1.70 and 3.55 would produce a win of $150.90 (2.50 x 1.70 x 3.55 x 10). Problem gambling on the Internet: Implications for Internet gambling policy in North America. Sports Betting 101. (1986). Journal of Gambling Studies, 8(4), 331-349.

Rex, J. UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal, 9(1), 29-46.

Horse racing 80% *

Video lottery terminals/slot machines 70%

* (In the case of horse racing, straight win, place or show wagers offer better odds than do so-called exotic wagers (daily doubles, exactas, trifectas, perfectas, etc.).

Wood, R. It was not until 1990 that a workable sports lottery formula was devised. These are units made up provincial and municipal police (Ontario) or government regulators, Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and municipal police (Alberta) that specialize in illegal gambling enforcement. The Lottery from Jacques Cartier’s Day to Modern Times. The Legal Status of Lottery Schemes in Canada. a variety of sports lotteries were tried throughout the 1970s and 1980s but failed to attract sufficient public interest. Pools, parlays and point spreads: a sociological consideration of the legalization of sports gambling. For example, a heavy favorite might be listed at odds of 1.10 (which would contribute minimally to the prize payout), whereas a serious underdog, listed at odds of 5.00 would significantly increase the prize payout, and, because ties occur less often than wins do, and are therefore harder to predict, the odds are typically higher on tie games.

Labrosse, M. No dice: Violations of the Criminal Code’s gambling exemptions by provincial governments. west 21 east 14), those with the correct quarter or half time scores receive lesser prizes and the game winning score a larger prize. For each game played, bettors choose between three possible outcomes; (a) a home team win, (b) a visitor team win or (c) a tie (the definition of a tie varies depending on the sport). This arbitrary limit on payouts cushions lottery corporations from excessive losses.

** (In the case of casinos, each game has different odds; for example, certain blackjack, craps, roulette or baccarat bets have a smaller house edge than do games such as three card or Caribbean poker).

Winners are those who accumulate the most points over the professional league season based upon certain statistical categories (for example, in football, touchdowns, pass receptions, rushing yards and so forth). British Columbia Problem Gambling Prevalence Study, Vancouver, BC.

9/10 correct pays 10 x wager

* Role-playing-the opportunity to vicariously participate as the general manager of a professional sports team.

Osborne, J. Saskatoon, SK: Purich Publishing Limited.

* Gender of players (male 83%) (female 17%)

* Social networks-players enjoy the competition, bantering and camaraderie among league members and often develop enduring friendships based on their fantasy league involvement.

The Irish Sweepstakes was another popular, albeit outlawed, gambling format that involved buying tickets on the results of Irish horse races (prizes often exceeded $100,000), the proceeds of which went to support Irish hospitals. (1992). Payout percentage is the key factor in determining the probability of beating a game in the long run. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

10/11 correct pays 15 x wager

Wood, R. Common features of these leagues are (1) a sizable entry fee, (2) a draft, whereby players from the real leagues are selected to make up a participant’s fantasy team, (3) a Commissioner to administer the league rules, settle disputes, arrange for league standings to be posted, etc. (2001). Research paper prepared for the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, K Division, Edmonton, AB.

Lyman, S. Chicago, IL: Contemporary Books.

Lang, A. (2000). (1989). & Jackson, D. Typical of these private games are National Football League (NFL) pools and National Hockey League (NHL) play-off drafts: In both instances an entry fee is charged; in an NFL pool players try to pick the winners of each weekends slate of games against a posted point spread, with money paid out to weekly and year end winners. These services, which are valued by sports gamblers, are not offered by government run sports lotteries. The ensuing Quebec Act (1774) proscribed English criminal law and French civil law, thus initial Canadian gambling legislation was derived from English precedent but applied to Francophones as well. In the case of two outcome games (Point Spread and Over/Under), the payouts are much lower than what the true odds of winning the parlay (1) are. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.

Campbell, C., Hartnagel, T

Peter Wright v Gary Anderson tips, predictions, odds and free bets (Premier League Darts – 12/2/2015)

Michael L. Jenkins

Michael L. Jenkins

Hi my name is Michael L. Jenkins and I am a sport betting enthusiast. I write articles and review products and services related to Sports Betting Systems and Sports Book's. Please see my blog at Sport Betting Store http://www.landofskyrbi.org for more great information on sports betting.
Michael L. Jenkins

‘Snakebite’ has become renowned for regularly changing his darting setup and has come under fire from critics who believe it is having a negative impact on his game. Gary Anderson is throwing the best darts of his career is too strong and should pick up maximum points here.

Gary Anderson had the best of starts in the Premier League by beating World Championship final opponent Phil Taylor in Week 1 by breaking the darts in the last leg to come through 7-5. Wright’s 3-dart average was a woeful 87.2 and, as consequence, he is a heavy underdog here, considering he was beaten 5-1 by ‘The Flying Scotsman’ in the quarter-finals of this year’s World Championship.. GARY ANDERSON clash with free tips, predictions, best odds, betting promotions and no deposit free bets!

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PETER WRIGHT v GARY ANDERSON : Betting preview  Peter Wright lost six successive legs in his frst Premier League match against Dave Chisnall and was defeated 7-1. Don’t miss our match preview on the PETER WRIGHT vs. The Flying Scotsman has won the last three matches against Wright, including in this competition last year 7-4.

Peter Wright is out to prove a point against world champion Gary Anderson in the second round of the Premier League Darts in Bournemouth on Thursday night

Where Can I Find Betfair Dropping Odds?

Michael L. Jenkins

Michael L. Jenkins

Hi my name is Michael L. Jenkins and I am a sport betting enthusiast. I write articles and review products and services related to Sports Betting Systems and Sports Book's. Please see my blog at Sport Betting Store http://www.landofskyrbi.org for more great information on sports betting.
Michael L. Jenkins

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Bethur bet blog is one such online resource which you may want to turn to in order to acquire bet advice, Spartacus and Joker tips. The more time you devote to learning about online betting the more successful you will be.

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A Beginner’s Guide To Buy Online Casino Software

Michael L. Jenkins

Michael L. Jenkins

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Michael L. Jenkins

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The definition and means of entertainment are undergoing a radical change in today’s age of rapid internet connectivity and high tech gadgetry. These testers scrutinize the software in detail, and will come back to your with a return payout rating. Since the World Wide Web provides with various sources of entertainment right from the comfort of your couch, more and more people are taking to online versions of their favorite amusement activities.

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VAT: Will the U.S. Adopt a Value-Added Tax?

Michael L. Jenkins

Michael L. Jenkins

Hi my name is Michael L. Jenkins and I am a sport betting enthusiast. I write articles and review products and services related to Sports Betting Systems and Sports Book's. Please see my blog at Sport Betting Store http://www.landofskyrbi.org for more great information on sports betting.
Michael L. Jenkins

The VAT, a levy on all the goods and services you consume, is not a “toxic idea,” he added.

White House adviser

Paul Volcker (Getty)

This process effectively hides the VAT from open view — unlike state sales taxes, the VAT is buried in the price of the good, not assessed at the cash register. (Interestingly, though, many GOP economists favored a VAT in the 1980s, and Margaret Thatcher supported the VAT when a Tory government instituted it in the U.K.). should consider using a European-style value added tax to help bring the deficit down, said White House adviser Paul Volcker in response to a question from CBS MoneyWatch.com at a panel discussion in New York City Tuesday night. government’s fiscal gap is widening by the hour. And the income tax well is neither wide nor deep enough to fill more than a small piece of the $13.8 trillion hole. “We have to think about really revamping the tax system,” said Volcker, who’s best known for successfully beating down inflation while serving as Ronald Reagan’s Federal Reserve chairman. But nearly every other industrialized nation has one, and the idea is beginning to spread. Ellis, of Americans for Tax Reform, points out that even if federal tax revenues return to their 40-year average of 18 to 20 percent of GDP (in 2009, it dipped to about 15 percent), the spending promises on the books for 2010 and beyond start at some 25 percent of GDP. But that isn’t happening. Press the buttons of almost any tax wonk in Washington and a different plan spits out; a VAT is part of most of them.

More on MoneyWatch:

The case for a VAT is simple: The U.S. That’s just one idea. “I don’t think we should go in this direction.”

A VAT can be assessed in several different ways. At some point, even Congress will recognize this fact and be forced to act. That’s real money.

Until recently, discussion of a U.S. An increase much above that is counterproductive, reducing incentives to work and invest while creating incentives to find tax shelters and other ways to avoid paying. As Bruce Bartlett, a former Reagan economic advisor who supports a VAT, puts it, “The U.S. It’s easy to see why it’s popular: As a broad-based tax that’s easy to collect and hard to see, a VAT can rake in a lot of money.

The VAT also comes under attack for being regressive. It comes in different shapes and sizes, ranging from 5 percent in Japan to 25 percent in Sweden. But make no mistake: a 10 percent VAT would raise the cost of everything 10 percent. Ditto for taxing big business more heavily. By the end of the year, the Office of Management and Budget says the gross federal debt will stand at $13.8 trillion. Top tax rates are already likely to go up to almost 40 percent. This may be the opportunity to take another real crack at our complicated and inefficient tax code, something last done in 1986.

Despite long-standing political opposition, the VAT is starting to get attention for the simple reason that it may be the best among several bad options. A VAT is likely to be part of the answer.

© 2010 CBS Interactive Inc.. The deficit for 2009 alone was a cool $1.4 trillion, and it’s projected to hit $1.6 trillion this year. Raising that is an excellent way to reduce competitiveness.

Cut spending: If government spending were brought into line with revenues, new taxes wouldn’t be needed. When a business calculates its VAT payment, it deducts the tax paid at the previous stage, based on records every company along the chain keeps. That’s one reason the VAT is considered highly efficient — it’s hard to dodge since each link in the VAT chain keeps an eye on the rest.

Neither party shows enthusiasm for taxing you if you are not a plutocrat. In fact, interest in a VAT is cropping up all along the ideological spectrum (albeit more often along the leftish end).

. In the most common method, the VAT is assessed on a good at each stage of production and distribution — when the raw material is sold, when the product is manufactured, when a store stocks up, and when the consumer buys it. VAT had been limited to the back rooms of think tanks and cocktail hours of high-minded conferences. President Obama has pledged no tax increases for 95 percent of the population, and most Republicans flinch at the “T” word in any form. All Rights Reserved.

What’s to Love and Hate About a VAT?

To be sure, no one expects a VAT to join the tax code this year or next. Because lower income people spend a higher portion of their earnings, it may hit them particularly hard.

The Best of the Bad?

Americans as a whole did not squawk when spending rose during the Bush administration, and in electing Barack Obama, they voted for bigger government. For example, in his book, 100 Million Unnecessary Returns, Columbia law professor Michael Graetz proposes a 10 to 14 percent value-added tax, but earners making less than $100,000 would pay no income tax at all, and other income and corporate taxes would be reduced. corporate tax rate (35 percent) is already among the highest in the world. And the logical way to do that is to pass a VAT. But what about by 2020? The odds narrow sharply. Tax the rich: Always a popular idea, but the math doesn’t add up. At some point, the politics we have voted for have to be paid for. “It is almost literally impossible to close the gap on spending alone,” says Michael Linden, associate director of Tax and Budget Policy for the left-leaning Center for American Progress.

Find new sources of revenues: If more juice cannot be squeezed from the income and corporate tax code, the logical alternative is to tap a wider base. In addition to Volcker, the head of the Senate Budget Committee, Kent Conrad (D-N.D), has mused that a VAT has “got to be on the table,” and Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) has murmured sweet nothings about it. Alan Greenspan, for one, considers the VAT “the least worst way” to narrow the budget gap.

About 150 countries have a VAT. It has three options.

Last Updated Jun 3, 2010 6:16 PM EDT

The U.S. needs a money machine.” A VAT, because it touches every transaction, is just that: The Congressional Research Service estimates that each one percent of a value-added tax would raise $50 billion. No one in either party seems interested in taming these leviathans. “There’s very little chance in the next few years,” says Ben Harris, a senior research associate at Brookings, a left-of-center think tank, “but a substantial chance in the next decade or so.” And Ryan Ellis, tax policy director at the right-of-center Americans for Tax Reform, who loathes the idea, says of the VAT, “I think it’s coming, in the next five to 10 years certainly.”

The VAT’s efficiency in raising money is also why some oppose it. Current U.S. That number is hard to knock down because the majority of federal spending is for Medicare, Medicaid, and Social Security, all of which are set to grow briskly as baby boomers retire. fiscal trends are unsustainable. Even if a VAT started at a low level, say 5 percent, it’s easy to increase the rate, as Europe has proved time and again. (High VAT taxes back home are one reason that Europeans love to shop in the U.S.) A VAT is also relatively simple to administer, so its “dead weight” — the distortion it imposes on the economy above and beyond the price of the tax itself — is minimal.

This story was updated on April 9, 2010.

A VAT could be a useful part of a larger reform. But crisis can create opportunities for reform, and America’s fiscal position is close to crisis. “I think America has prospered because the general level of taxation has been lower than Europe,” says Chris Edwards of the libertarian Cato Institute, who prefers spending cuts to new taxes. A useful rule of economics is that if something cannot go on forever, it will stop. And its very simplicity and lack of visibility — no tax returns, no obvious hurt at the cash register — raises suspicions that a VAT is a stalking horse for higher spending. The U.S

Cybergambling returns — and this time it’s legal

Michael L. Jenkins

Michael L. Jenkins

Hi my name is Michael L. Jenkins and I am a sport betting enthusiast. I write articles and review products and services related to Sports Betting Systems and Sports Book's. Please see my blog at Sport Betting Store http://www.landofskyrbi.org for more great information on sports betting.
Michael L. Jenkins

“Blackjack, slots. To put that into further context, Americans accounted for nearly 10 percent of the entire $33 billion worldwide online gaming market,” Freeman said.

Players must be at least 21 years old, and either reside in New Jersey or be in the state when they place their bets. will generate – in addition to tax revenue from the proceeds at casinos – approximately 22,000 new online gambling-related jobs, Freeman testified.

Freeman said the Department of Justice has relaxed its views toward online gambling since 2011, and this could open up even more opportunities in the U.S. Gov. “Blackjack and poker have a very human element that’s lost online. “The technology is rolling out this week.”

“In sports gambling, it’s about the bet,” DeGaris said. Nevada and Delaware also began offering some online gambling last year, but New Jersey is the first state to “fully” legalize it, said Lee Fenton, the chief operating officer of Gamesys.

Globally, the business is even more lucrative. In online casino gambling, it’s about the game more than the bet.”

- Geoff Freeman, president and CEO of the American Gaming Association

And New Jersey isn’t alone; eight other states have bills in the works that will allow Internet gambling as well. market research firm H2 Gambling Capital, which focuses on the gaming industry, predicted about $300 million for New Jersey’s online casinos — or about $45 million in tax revenue, according to the New York Times. But new laws across the nation are rolling the rules back — and lawmakers think they’re holding a royal flush.

Legalizing gambling across the U.S. U.K. If your phone is off, or if you’re too near state borders, you may not be allowed to play.

“There will be many games to play online in New Jersey,” Fenton told FoxNews.com.

Not everyone agrees with the odds. Chris Christie validated the vice in the waning weeks of 2013, saying he hoped to rake in $1 billion in casino revenues this year, of which the state will collect a 17 percent tax.

To prevent unauthorized access, Virgin Casino physically locates gamers’ cellphones periodically. will catch up to the rest of the world and allow it at some point.”

Mega-entrepreneur Richard Branson’s Virgin Group is the latest entry in online gambling, teaming with the Tropicana Resort in Atlantic City and online game maker Gamesys to bring online poker, blackjack and slots to New Jersey this week. “If we are unable to determine that you are in New Jersey, you will be unable to play on Virgin Casino,” the site notes. “That’s where I see the huge potential in online gambling, and I reckon the U.S. Others predict the overall U.S. That doesn’t translate online,” DeGaris told FoxNews.com. 10. “The federal government has tried the prohibition approach – specifically the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006 and the Wire Act – and through multiple Justice Department crackdowns on offshore operators as well.”

“Slots and roulette are very visceral games, lots of bells and whistles. — notably sports betting.

“Those from other states can play, but they cannot wager,” Fenton said. They play against the house at Virgin Casino, and they can finance their wagers with debit cards, credit cards, or in person.

Prohibition failed – again

Last month, the president and CEO of the American Gaming Association testified before Congress and urged legislators to repeal their 7-year-old ban on Internet gambling.

But analysts are mostly rolling with Christie and the casinos. H2 said the industry was worth $33 billion in 2013, with $4.5 billion coming from mobile gambling on iPads, iPhones and smartphones.. Not just poker.”

“Prohibition simply does not work,” Geoff Freeman told a House panel on Dec. Virgin could be holding a full house, but it could also fail before the flop.

“It’ll be interesting to see how this plays out,” said Laurence DeGaris, associate professor of marketing at the University of Indianapolis and an expert in Internet culture.

“Last year, before a single state authorized legal online gaming, Americans spent nearly $3 billion on illegal, unregulated offshore gaming sites. market could be worth as much as $9 billion in the coming years as other states, including California, legalize online wagering.

‘Last year, before a single state authorized legal online gaming, Americans spent nearly $3 billion.’

Many Americans simply ignored the ban, he noted, as the country did during Prohibition in the ’20s.

What happens online, stays online

Six other firms, including popular companies like WSOP.com and Ultimate Poker and other casinos like Caesars and the Golden Nugget, participated in the “soft play” launch of online gambling in New Jersey in November, the state’s Department of Gaming Enforcement Director Dave Rebuck said during a recent conference call.

Congress banned online gambling in 2006